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Effects of State-Level Public Spending on Health on the Mortality Probability in India
Authors: Farahani, Mansour; Subramanian, S. V.; Canning, David
Source: Health Economics, November 2010, v. 19, iss. 11, pp. 1361-76
Topic(s): Health policy change
Mortality
Country: Asia
  India
Published: NOV 2010
Abstract: Abstract: This study uses the second National Family Health Survey of India to estimate the effect of state-level public health spending on mortality across all age groups, controlling for individual, household, and state-level covariates. We use a state's gross fiscal deficit as an instrument for its health spending. Our study shows a 10% increase in public spending on health in India decreases the average probability of death by about 2%, with effects mainly on the young, the elderly, and women. Other major factors affecting mortality are rural residence, household poverty, and access to toilet facilities.