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Socioeconomic status, sexual behavior, and differential AIDS mortality: evidence from Côte d'Ivoire
Authors: Cogneau, Denis; Grimm, Michael
Source: Population Research and Policy Review, Volume 25, Number 4, August 2006 , pp. 393-407(15); DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11113-006-9008-3
Topic(s): HIV/AIDS
Mortality
Sexual behavior
Country: Africa
  Cote d’Ivoire
Published: AUG 2006
Abstract: Lack of knowledge about differential AIDS mortality seriously hampers the study of the economic impact of AIDS in developing countries. We derive HIV infection risk differentials by age, education, and other microeconomic characteristics using the Ivorian Demographic and Health Survey. Our model is based on econometrically estimated equations using commonly available variables, therefore it can be used whenever such a survey is available but there is no representative information about HIV infection by socioeconomic group. For instance, we found that educated people have a higher risk of HIV infection, because they are more likely to have several sexual partners. However, this effect is partly offset by a higher probability of condom use relative to less educated people. The identification of the socioeconomic characteristics of low and high risk groups seems indispensable to set up adequate AIDS prevention and therapy policies in developing countries.