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Health behaviour in context: Exploratory multi-level analysis of smoking, drinking and tobacco chewing in four states
Authors: Subramanian, S.V., S. Nandy, M. Kelly, D. Gordon, G.D. Smith
Source: Economic and Political Weekly, Vol 39, Num 7, Page: 689-693
Topic(s): Alcohol consumption
Tobacco use
Country: Asia
  India
Published: 2004
Abstract: This paper aims to describe the socio-demographic and economic patterning of smoking, drinking and tobacco chewing behaviour in India. It also studies the effect of micro (individual households) and macro environments (local areas, districts, states) on health behaviour. The study finds strong, independent effects of socio-economic position and social caste, with the better-off smoking, drinking and chewing tobacco less. Significant local area, district and state variations suggest the importance of contexts in shaping health behaviours. It follows that more than individual behavioural change, the direction for policy may well be to focus on changing the macro environments.