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Epidemiological analysis of contraceptive use in India: An application of hierarchical models.
Authors: Dwivedi SN, Singh R, Sahu D, Pandey A
Source: Demography India, Jan-Jun;35(1):145-158.
Topic(s): Contraception
Epidemiology
Modelling
Country: Asia
  India
Published: JAN 2006
Abstract: This article deals with relatively newly developed hierarchical analysis that takes hierarchical structure into account and makes it possible to incorporate variables from all levels which leads to correct analysis and proper interpretation of the data. Unobserved community effects are also taken into account. It also provides the relative importance of a woman's individual characteristics and those of the area in which she lives, which provides important clues strengthening ensuing public health programs. The main objectives of the present study were: (i) to work out hierarchical models using 1998-99 data collected under NFHS-II towards epidemiological understanding of contraceptive adoption in Uttar Pradesh; and (ii) to compare these models with those reported earlier by Dwivedi and Sundaram (2000) based on 1992-93 data collected under NFHS-I, leading to some important policy oriented clues. (excerpt)