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Social inequalities in intimate partner violence: a study of women in Kenya.
Authors: Lawoko S, Dalal K, Jiayou L, Jansson B.
Source: Violence and Victims, 2007; 22(6): 773-84.
Topic(s): Domestic violence
Inequality
Country: Africa
  Kenya
Published: 2007
Abstract: This study examines social inequalities in intimate partner violence (IPV) among women of reproductive age in Kenya. A sample comprising 3,696 women was retrieved from the Kenyan Demographic and Health Survey of 2003. The study design was cross-sectional. Chi-square tests and logistic regression were used to analyze the data. Results indicated that while high education among women reduced the risk of IPV exposure, both being employed and having a higher education/occupational status than her partner increased a woman's vulnerability to IPV. Age differences between the partners, illiteracy, and lack of autonomy and access to information increased the likelihood of IPV. Finally, being in polygamous relationships was associated with IPV exposure. The findings indicate demographic, social, and structural differences in exposure to IPV with important implications for interventions.