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Prevalence of Anemia and Its Determinants Among Nonpregnant and Pregnant Women in India
Authors: Premananda Bharati, Suparna Som, Suman Chakrabarty, Susmita Bharati, Manoranjan Pal
Source: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, Vol. 20, No. 4, 347-359 (2008)
Topic(s): Anemia
Economics
Country: Asia
  India
Published: NOV 2008
Abstract: This study investigates the severity and distribution of anemia among nonpregnant and pregnant women aged 15 to 49 years in urban and rural sectors of 26 states in India and its association with certain economic and biosocial factors. A national survey was conducted to collect data on hemoglobin, height, weight, and certain economic and biosocial factors of 72 660 nonpregnant and 5619 pregnant women. Nonpregnant women aged less than 25 years are most affected by anemia. Women's education and standard of living in the households have a vital role in reducing anemia. Urban and well-nourished women also suffer less from anemia. The severity of anemia is higher among pregnant than nonpregnant women. Efforts must be made to educate women and enhance their level of economic status so that the prevalence of anemia can be reduced substantially.