|Urban Versus Rural Poverty in India:Evidence
from National Family Health Surveys|
||Aparajita Chattopadhydy and M Guruswamy
||Economic Affairs , Vol. 56 No. 2 June 2011 (Page 225-232)
The paper, using National Family Health Survey II (1998-99) and III (2005-06) data, analyses the level and
change of proportion poor in India and major states, Also it looks into the social development of poor women
aged 15-49. The paper, as well, analyses the health condition of the poor children. The level of poverty has
gone down in India though the mean standard of living is decreasing in large cities. Also, the disparity of
living standard has enhanced in small cities, towns and villages of India. Many of the rich states like Punjab,
Haryana and Gujarat need emphasis on social development of the poor women where poor women’s literacy
is exceptionally low. Post neonatal mortality, a product of external environment, is the highest in large cities.
More than 60 percent girls from poor families in urban part and above 70 per cent in rural areas are getting
married below age 18. Anaemia and acute malnourishment are showing an increasing trend in all places of
residence. Huge investment is needed in health and social development to enhance our economic progress in
the near future.
Keywords: Cities, Towns, Villages, Poverty, Social development, Women, Health, India