|Living and health conditions of selected cities in India: Setting priorities for the National Urban Health Mission|
||Srinivas Goli, P. Arokiasamy, Aparajita Chattopadhayay
||Cities, 28 (2011) 461–469
||The concept of ‘‘healthy city’’ promotes the physical, mental, social, and environmental well-being of people
who live and work in urban areas. Fostering sustainably healthy cities is the prime objective of the
National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) in India. However, attaining this goal requires establishing priorities,
key concerns, strategies and guidelines for action. This paper aims to assist policymakers by providing
critical insights into the health and living conditions in selected major cities in India, with special
emphasis on slums. This paper presents evidence that many of India’s major cities face significant deficits
in the provision of basic amenities, including shelter, safe drinking water, improved sanitation and electricity.
Demographic and health conditions in these cities lag far behind the goals set forth in national
policies almost a decade ago. Despite the apparent proximity of city dwellers to urban health facilities,
less than one third of the urbanites in India utilize government health facilities.