|Are Muslim women behind in their knowledge and use of contraception in India?|
||Suresh Sharma and Atika Pasha
||Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology , Vol. 3(13), pp. 632-641, 29 December, 2011, DOI: 10.5897/JPHE11.153
||This paper uses District Level House Survey (DLHS) and National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data to
investigate the use and knowledge of contraceptive methods within two religious communities in India,
Muslim and Hindu. The obligations and tenets of their religion require Muslim women to defer from
using any contraceptive method. Such commitments to one’s faith may turn out to be a deterrent in the
use of contraception by this community. Given the data for Hindu and Muslims, it was found that the
use and knowledge of traditional methods was significantly higher within Muslim women compared to
Hindu Women. Consequently, traditional use also showed a higher prevalence among Muslims.
Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine the factors affecting use of traditional methods.
The results showed that education significantly contributed to the use of traditional contraception in
India. Age, rural residence, and wanting another child were significant in the socioeconomic factors
examined. The results also suggest that education does not affect traditional method use among
women contraception when controlling for other factors.
Key words: Muslim women, contraceptive usage, traditional methods, trends.