The DHS Program > Publications > Levels and Trends in Unmet Need for Family Planning among Adolescents and Young Women in Ethiopia: Further Analysis of the 2000, 2005, and 2011 Demographic and Health Surveys (English)
Gebreselassie, Tesfayi, and Pav Govindasamy. 2013. Levels and Trends in Unmet Need for Family Planning Among Adolescents and Young Women in Ethiopia: Further Analysis of the 2000, 2005, and 2011 Demographic Health Surveys. DHS Further Analysis Reports No. 72. Calverton, Maryland, USA: ICF International.
The population of Ethiopia is very young, with a median age of approximately 17.1 years, according to the 2007 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia. Young people age 15-24 represented about 14 percent of the population, according to the 1984 Population and Housing Census, but
by the time of the 2007 Population and Housing Census, this percentage had grown to 20 percent. In 1984 adolescent women accounted for about one-fifth of all women of reproductive age (age15-49); by 2007,
they accounted for 25 percent. Similarly, the share of young women (age 20-24) among all women of reproductive age (age 15-49) increased from 17 percent in 1984 to 19 percent in 2007.
The 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) reports that approximately a quarter of all pregnant young women age 15-24 feel that th
eir pregnancies are mistimed or unwanted. Studies show that complications related to pregnancy and childbirth are among the leading causes of death worldwide for adolescent girls age 15-19. In Ethiopia, where early marriage and early sexual activity in marriage are prevalent, family planning gives couples the ability to limit the number and spacing of their children, potentially lowering the death rate for women in this age group.