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Document Type
Working Papers
Publication Topic(s)
HIV, HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior, Wealth/Socioeconomics
Country(s)
Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda
Language
English
Author(s)
Mishra et al. and Macro International Inc. Calverton, Maryland USA
Publication Date
January 2007
Publication ID
WP31

Abstract:

Using data from eight recent population-based, nationally-representative surveys with HIV testing in sub-Saharan Africa, we conduct an in-depth analysis of the association between wealth status and HIV prevalence in the region. Our aim is to identify what specific characteristics and behaviors of the wealthier are associated with HIV infection, and to what extent confounding factors such as place of residence and other risk factors mediate this association. We also discuss possible reasons why the relationship between wealth and HIV status might differ between men and women.