Access to basic human needs is essential to the development of children’s full potential. This comparative report focuses on deprivation of basic human needs among children in sub-Saharan Africa. It examines disparities and illustrates changes in the prevalence of African children’s exposure to deprivation. The data come from DHS surveys conducted in 30 countries between 2000 and 2011.
This report covers deprivation in five areas: food, health, water and sanitation, shelter, and education. It reports on indicators of deprivation among all children in these countries and in trends in these indicators. In addition, this report examines whether, and how much, the prevalence of deprivation in each country differs by the sex of the child, rural or urban residence, the sex of the head of the household in which the child lives, and the age of the head of the household (<50 years old versus age 50 and older).
The analysis also looks in trends in deprivations over the last 13 years. Some countries have experienced progress while others have seen setbacks.