Greenwell, K. Fern, and Michelle Winner. 2014. Infant Survival Outcomes in Guinea in Light of Improved Maternal and Child Care: Further Analysis of the 2005 and 2012 Demographic and Health Surveys. DHS Further Analysis Reports No. 96. Rockville, Maryland, USA: ICF International.
The purpose of this analysis is to provide information useful for designing effective maternal and child health interventions to improve infant survival in Guinea. While the final reports of the Guinea Demographic and Health Surveys (GDHS) 2005 and 2012 provide valuable descriptive information on levels and trends of early childhood mortality and on the use of maternal and child health (MCH) services, the present analysis goes a step beyond, to further investigate the relationship between specific MCH interventions and infant survival.
This survival analysis showed that improvements in infant survival occurred mainly in the later months of the first year of life. The results suggest that delivery in a health facility and postnatal care for the newborn, along with other unidentified factors, are most likely to affect survival outcomes. The latter is particularly true for neonatal survival, since we did not find evidence that the MCH indicators tested in this study are associated with better neonatal survival.