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gender country profile
- Rwanda 2005 DHS

Gender data may not match individual country reports exactly as data have been standardized for comparative purposes.

Note: Please roll over asterisks (*) to see notes.

  Women Men Notes
Do women and men have equal access to education and information?
Women and men age 15-49 who cannot read (%) 29.7 22.5 (*)
Women and men age 20-24 who have attended secondary or higher education (%) 11.0 12.8  
Women and men age 15-49 who are not regularly exposed to any media (TV, radio, or newspaper) at least once a week (%) 43.6 19.2 (*)
 
  Women Men Notes
Do women and men have equal opportunities for employment?
Women and men age 15-49 who were employed in the 12 months before the survey (%) 73.0 57.1 (*)
And, among those who were employed in the 12 months before the survey:
Women and men age 15-49 earning cash (cash only or cash and in-kind) (%) 30.5 u  
Women and men 15-49 employed in professional, technical, or managerial occupations (%) 2.8 6.0  
Women and men 15-49 employed in all non-agricultural occupations (%) 13.8 37.6  
Percent of currently married women age 15-49 who do not have control over their own earnings (among those employed for cash) u na  
 
  Women Men Notes
Do women make decisions in households?
Households headed by women or men (%) 33.9 66.1  
Currently married women 15-49 who alone or jointly have the final say in the following decisions, and currently married men who say that a wife should have the greater say alone or have an equal say with husband:
own health care (%) u u  
making large purchases (%) u u  
making daily purchases (%) u u  
visits to friends or relatives (%) u u  
none of these decisions (%) u u  
 
  Women Men Notes
How do marriage and fertility patterns differ between women and men?
Women and men age 20-49 who were married by age 18 (%) 19.2 3.5 (*)
Women and men age 20-49 who had sexual intercourse by age 15 (%) 3.8 3.5 (*)
Total fertility rate: average number of births per woman 6.1 na  
Women age 15-19 who have begun childbearing (%) 4.1 na  
Mean ideal number of children among women and men age 15-49 4.3 4.0  
Currently married women age 15-49 currently using a modern method of contraception (%) and currently married men who used a method with their last partner (%) 10.3 u  
 
  Women Men Notes
Are children treated differently based on their gender?
Primary school age children (6-11 years) that are attending primary school (%) 76.6 73.8  
Secondary school age children (12-17 years) that are attending secondary school (%) 3.8 4.4  
 
  Women Men Notes
Does society justify wife beating?
Women and men age 15-49 who agree that a husband is justified in beating his wife if:
she burns the food (%) u u  
she argues with him (%) u u  
she goes out without telling him (%) u u  
she neglects the children (%) u u  
she refuses to have sex with him (%) u u  
at least one of these reasons (%) u u  
 
  Women Men Notes
Do women and men experience physical or sexual violence?
Women and men age 15-49 who have experienced physical violence by anyone:
since age 15 (%) 30.7 u  
in the past 12 months (%) 19.4 u  
Women and men age 15-49 who have ever experienced sexual violence by anyone (%) u u  
Ever-married women and men age 15-49 who have experienced physical or sexual violence by their spouse or partner:
ever (%) 33.8 u  
in the last 12 months (%) 25.6 u  
 
  Women Men Notes
Do women and men have the knowledge and empowerment necessary to reduce their risk of contracting HIV?
Women and men age 15-49 who know that the risk of contracting HIV can be reduced by:
using condoms (%) 80.0 89.7  
limiting sex to one uninfected faithful partner (%) 86.8 87.0  
Women and men age 15-49 who know that a healthy-looking person can have HIV (%) 83.8 91.7  
Women and men age 15-49 who had sex with more than one partner in the 12 months preceding the survey among those who had sex during the period (%) 0.6 5.1  
Mean lifetime number of sexual partners among those who have ever had sex 1.5 3.0  
Women and men age 15-49 who were tested and received results from an HIV test takenin the 12 months before the survey (%) 11.6 11.0  
 
  Women Men Notes
Does HIV affect women disproportionately?
Women and men age 15-49 who tested HIV-positive (%) 3.6 2.3  
 


na not applicable u data not collected or cannot be calculated