gender publications

Final Reports

Surveys that have implemented the DHS Female Genital Cutting Module include a chapter on the topic in the final report.

Surveys that have implemented the Domestic Violence Module include a chapter on the topic in the final report.

Surveys that have implemented the Women's Status Module include information on the topic in the final report. All DHS final reports include basic Women's Status and Empowerment indicators.

Analysis Briefs
ID Title Published
AB42 Collecting Diverse Data on Gender and Sexuality in Demographic and Health Surveys: An Overview (OP15) – Analysis Brief (English) 2024
AB33 Trends in Men’s Gender Attitudes: Progress, Backsliding,or Stagnation? (CR52) - Analysis Brief (English) 2023
AB27 The Gender Digital Divide: Evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys (AS83)- Analysis Brief (English) 2022
AB23 Profile and Correlates of Persons Living with Disability (CR51) - Analysis Brief (English) 2022
Analytical Studies
ID Title Published
AS83 The Gender Digital Divide: Evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys (English) 2022
AS82 Collective Gender and Fertility Norms and Modern Contraceptive Use (English) 2022
AS75 Typologies and Trajectories: A Descriptive Study of Men's Reproductive Life Course (English) 2020
AS69 Trends, Inequalities, and Contextual Determinants of Child Marriage in Asia (English) 2019
AS64 Does Men's Involvement Improve the Health Outcomes of Their Partners and Children? (English) 2018
AS57 Intimate Partner Violence and Interruption to Contraceptive Use (English) 2016
AS36 Spousal Violence and HIV: Exploring the Linkages in Five Sub-Saharan African Countries (English) 2013
AS27 Women's and Men's Experience of Spousal Violence in Two African Countries: Does Gender Matter? (English) 2012
AS18 Intimate Partner Violence among Couples in 10 DHS Countries: Predictors and Health Outcomes (English) 2008
AS3 Trends and Differentials in Adolescent Reproductive Behavior in Sub-Saharan Africa (English) 2002
AS5 Female Genital Cutting in Guinea: Qualitative and Quantitative Research Strategies (English) 2001
AS1 The Substitution of Contraception for Abortion in Kazakhstan in the 1990's (English) 2001
Atlas Reports
ID Title Published
ATR12 Ethiopia Atlas of Gender and Health Indicators: Data from the 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (English) 2013
ATR9 Gender and Health Indicators in Ghana: Data from the 2008 Demographic and Health Survey (English) 2010
Comparative Reports
ID Title Published
CR52 Trends in Men’s Gender Attitudes: Progress, Backsliding, or Stagnation? (English) 2023
CR51 Profile and Correlates of Persons Living with Disability (English) 2022
CR45 Sexual and Reproductive Health in Early and Later Adolescence: DHS Data on Youth Age 10-19 (English) 2017
CR33 Female Genital Cutting: The Interpretation of Recent DHS Data (English) 2013
CR17 Men's Reproductive Health: Findings from the Demographic and Health Surveys, 1995-2004 (English) 2009
CR20 Understanding Women's Empowerment: A Comparative Analysis of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) Data (English) 2008
CR7 Female Genital Cutting in the Demographic and Health Surveys: A Critical and Comparative Analysis (English) 2004
CR5 Trends in Marriage and Early Childbearing in Developing Countries (English) 2003
CS29 Education (English) 1998
CS24 Maternal Nutritional Status (English) 1997
CS25 Maternal Health Care (English) 1997
CS23 Gender Preferences for Children (English) 1997
CS21 Status of Women: Indicators for Twenty-five Countries (English) 1996
CS18 Men's Fertility, Contraceptive Use, and Reproductive Preferences (English) 1996
CS10 Marriage and Entry into Parenthood (English) 1994
Further Analysis
ID Title Published
FA139 Fertility Preferences and Contraceptive Behaviors among Ever-married Women and Men: An Analysis of the 2017-18 Jordan Population and Family Health Survey (English) 2020
FA129 Trends, Differentials, and Determinants of Modern Contraceptive Use in Pakistan, 1990-2018 (English) 2020
FA130 Trends in Internal Migration and Women's Empowerment in Pakistan, 2012-2018 (English) 2020
FA116 Youth Health in Nepal: Levels, Trends, and Determinants (English) 2019
FA117 Inequalities in Health Outcomes and Access to Services by Caste/Ethnicity, Province, and Wealth Quintile in Nepal (English) 2019
FA98 The Men Are Away: Pregnancy Risk and Family Planning Needs among Women with a Migrant Husband in Barisal, Bangladesh (English) 2016
FA99 Why So Young? The Social Context of Early Childbearing and Contraception among Young Women in Khulna, Bangladesh (English) 2016
FA100 What Motivates Women to Act? Perspectives on the Value of and Experiences in Using Antenatal Care in Khulna and Rangpur, Bangladesh (English) 2016
FA82 Women's Empowerment as a Determinant of Contraceptive use in Ethiopia (English) 2013
FA77 Women's Empowerment and Spousal Violence in Relation to Health Outcomes in Nepal (English) 2013
FA64 Uganda - Key Findings from the 2006 UDHS - A Gender Perspective (English) 2009
FA39 Determinants of the Nutritional Status of Mothers and Children in Ethiopia (English) 2002
FA25 Perspectives on the Population & Health Situation in Egypt (English) 1998
FA23 The Socioeconomic and Demographic Situation of Adolescents and Young Adults in Zimbabwe (English) 1997
FA16 Fertility Trends, Women's Status, and Reproductive Expectations in Turkey (English) 1997
FA14 Contraception, Abortion and Maternal Health Services in Turkey (English) 1996
FA13 Perspectives on Fertility and Family Planning in Egypt (English) 1995
Occasional Papers
ID Title Published
OP15 Collecting Diverse Data on Gender and Sexuality in Demographic and Health Surveys: An Overview (English) 2024
OP11 Potential Implications of the Ghana and Nepal Follow-Up Studies for DHS Questionnaires and Fieldwork Procedures (English) 2018
OP5 Urban Women's Employment Trajectories in Ghana and Bolivia (English) 1996
OP2 Autonomy and Egyptian Women: Findings from the 1988 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey (English) 1995
Other Dissemination Materials
ID Title Published
DM52 Nigeria DHS 2013 - Gender in Nigeria booklet (English) 2014
DM46 Women's Lives and Challenges - 3 infographic posters (English) 2014
DM8 Reading Domestic Violence Tables (English) 2009
Other Documents
ID Title Published
OD69 Bangladesh DHS 2014: Three Qualitative Studies (English) 2016
OD67 Comparative Analysis of a Proxy Measurement of Vaginal Fistula: Supplement to DHS Analytical Studies No. 17 (English) 2015
OD66 Women's Lives and Challenges: Equality and Empowerment since 2000 (English) 2014
OD60 Millennium Development Goals in Ghana (English) 2010
OD57 Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment in India (English) 2009
OD46 Trends in Youth Reproductive Health in Ethiopia, 2000 and 2005 (English) 2008
OD45 Women's Health in Tanzania (English) 2007
OD38 Perfil de la Violencia Doméstica - Un Estudio en Varios Países (Spanish) 2006
OD39 Profil de la Violence Domestique - Une étude dans plusieurs pays (French) 2006
OD40 Women's Lives and Experiences: Changes in the Past Ten Years (English) 2006
OD32 A Focus on Gender: Collected Papers on Gender Using DHS Data (English) 2005
OD31 Profiling Domestic Violence; A Multi-Country Study (English) 2004
OD30 Indicateurs de Genre en Mauritanie (French) 2003
OD25 Youth Reproductive Health in Ethiopia (English) 2002
OD23 Reproductive Health of Young Adults in Uganda (English) 2002
OD14 L'excision et la socialisation des adolescentes en Guinde (English, French) 1999
OD6 Female Genital Cutting (English) 1997
OD16 Women's Lives and Experiences (English) 1994
Other Fact Sheets
ID Title Published
OF43 National, State and Union Territory, and District Fact Sheets 2019-21 National Family Health Survey NFHS5 (English) 2021
OF42 Mali 2018 DHS - 5 Fact Sheets (French) 2019
OF31 National, State and Union Territory, and District Fact Sheets - 2015-16 National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) (English) 2016
OF26 Togo DHS 2013-2014 - 3 Fact Sheets (French) 2015
OF20 Tajikistan 2012 DHS - 5 Fact Sheets (Russian) (English) 2013
OF21 Kyrgyz Republic DHS 2012 - 5 Fact Sheets (English) 2013
OF15 Tanzania 2010 DHS Gender Based Violence Factsheet (English) 2011
OF5 Kenya 2003 DHS Gender Fact Sheet (English) 2006
OF6 Nigeria 2003 DHS Gender Fact Sheet (English) 2006
Other Final Reports
ID Title Published
FR75 Uganda In Depth, 1995-96 - Uganda 1995/96 Final Report (Indepth) - Negotiating Reproductive Outcomes in Uganda (English) 1996
FR01 Philippines In Depth, 1993 - Philippines National Safe Motherhood Survey (English) 1994
Policy Briefs
ID Title Published
PB9 Kyrgyz Republic 2012 - Policy Briefs (English) 2013
PB7 Tanzania AIS Briefing Kit 2011-12 (English) 2013
Qualitative Research Studies
ID Title Published
QRS5 Coping with Pregnancy; Experiences of Adolescents in Ga Mashi Accra (English) 2002
QRS1 Contraceptive Practice in Quirino Province, Philippines: Experiences of Side Effects (English) 2001
QRS2 Female Genital Cutting and Coming of Age in Guinea (English, French) 1999
Spatial Analysis Reports
ID Title Published
SAR6 Contextual Influences on the Use of Antenatal Care in Nepal (English) 2004
Summary Reports/Key Findings
ID Title Published
SR138 Eswatini DHS, 2006-07 - Key Findings (siSwati) (English) 2008
SR74 Nicaragua DHS, 1998 - Summary Report (Spanish) 1999
SR166 Philippines In Depth, 1993 - Philippines National Safe Motherhood Survey - Key Indicators Report (English) 1995
Working Papers
ID Title Published
WP184 Women’s Empowerment and Nutritional Status of Children in The Gambia: Further Analysis of the 2019–20 Gambia Demographic and Health Survey (English) 2022
WP185 Women’s Empowerment, Modern Energy, and Demand for Maternal Health Services in Benin (English) 2022
WP186 Information Communication Technologies and Intimate Partner Violence among Women in sub-Saharan Africa Countries (English) 2022
WP187 Harmful Cultural Traditions: An Analysis of Female Circumcision Practice in Maldives (English) 2022
WP172 Associations between Women's Current Contraceptive Method Decision Making and their Reproductive Calendar Histories in Burundi (English) 2020
WP173 Attributes Associated with Women's Contraceptive Profiles in Burundi: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Interactions with Media and Health Services (English) 2020
WP150 Disability, Partner Behaviors, and the Risk of Intimate Partner Violence in Uganda: Further Analysis of the 2016 Demographic and Health Survey (English) 2019
WP155 Predictors of Modern Contraceptive Use and Fertility Preferences among Men in Myanmar: Further Analysis of the 2015-16 Demographic and Health Survey (English) 2019
WP146 Empowerment and Barriers to Health Care Access among Currently Married Women: Secondary Data Analysis of the 2015-16 Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey (English) 2019
WP143 Women's Empowerment in Myanmar: An Analysis of DHS Data for Married Women Age 15-49 (English) 2019
WP129 Women's Empowerment and the Use of Antenatal Care Services in Southeast Asian Countries (English) 2017
WP126 Factors Associated with Stunting in Children under Age 2 in the Cambodia and Kenya 2014 Demographic and Health Surveys (English) 2016
WP121 Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in Zambia: Sociodemgraphic Determinants and Association with Use of Maternal Health Care (English) 2015
WP117 Gender Relations, Sexual Behaviour, and Risk of Contracting Sexually Transmitted Infections among Women in Union in Uganda (English) 2015
WP106 Intimate Partner Violence and Empowerment among Women in Tanzania: Prevalence and Effects on Utilization of Reproductive and Maternal Health Services (English) 2014
WP104 Individual and Community-Level Predictors of Home Delivery in Ethiopia: A Multilevel Mixed-Effects Analysis of the 2011 Ethiopia National Demographic and Health Survey (English) 2014
WP108 Spousal Gender-Based Violence and Women's Empowerment in the 2010-11 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey (English) 2014
WP101 The Role of Women's Empowerment in Influencing HIV Testing (English) 2013
WP99 Relationship between Women's Socioeconomic Status and Empowerment in Burkina Faso: A Focus on Participation in Decision-Making and Experience of Domestic Violence (English) 2013
WP80 Women's Empowerment and Achievement of Desired Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa (English) 2010
WP79 Intimate Partner Violence and Unintended Pregnancy in Azerbaijan, Moldova, and Ukraine (English) 2010
WPZ4 The Association between Violence against Women and HIV: Evidence from a National Population-Based Survey in Zimbabwe (English) 2010
WP43 What's in the Gap? Factors Associated with the Interval Between Age at First Sex and Age at First Marriage in Cameroon and Their Implications for Reproductive Health and Women's Empowerment (English) 2008
WP44 Cross-National Variation in Attitudinal Measures of Gender Preference for Children: An Examination of Demographic and Health Surveys from 40 Countries (English) 2008
WP39 Numbers of women circumcised in Africa: The Production of a Total (English) 2008
WP10 Women's Education and Fertility in Latin America: Exploring the Significance of Education for Women's Lives (English) 1994
WP1 Maternal Education, Use of Health Services, and Child Survival: An Analysis of Data from the Bolivia DHS Survey (English) 1990