Indicators of Women’s Empowerment

 

Percentage of currently married women who participate in all decision making, and percentage who disagree with all of the reasons justifying wife-beating

 

Definition

 

1)     Percentage of currently married women age 15-49 who usually make all three specific decisions either alone or jointly with their husband for:

a)      Own health care.

b)     Large household purchases.

c)      Visits to family or relatives.

2)     Percentage of currently married women age 15-49 who disagree with all of the specific reasons justifying wife-beating:

a)      Burning food.

b)     Arguing with him.

c)      Going out without telling him.

d)     Neglecting the children.

e)     Refusing to have sexual intercourse with him.

 

Coverage:

Population base: Currently married women age 15-49 (IR file, MR file)

Time period: Current status at time of survey

 

Numerators:

1)     Number of currently married women age 15-49 who usually make specific decisions alone or jointly with their husband for:

a)      Own health care (v743a in 1,2), and

b)     Large household purchases (v743b in 1,2), and

c)      Visits to family or relatives (v743d in 1,2)

2)     Number of currently married women age 15-49 (v502 = 1) who disagree with all of the specific reasons justifying wife-beating:

a)      Burning food (v744e ≠ 1), and

b)     Arguing with him (v744c ≠ 1), and

c)      Going out without telling him (v744a ≠ 1), and

d)     Neglecting the children (v744b ≠ 1), and

e)     Refusing to have sexual intercourse with him (v744d ≠ 1)

 

Denominator: Number of currently married women age 15-49 (v502 = 1)

 

Variables: IR file.

v743a

Person who usually decides on respondent's health care (women)

v743b

Person who usually decides on large household purchases (women)

v743d

Person who usually decides on visits to family or relatives (women)

v744a

Beating justified if wife argues with husband (women)

v744b

Beating justified if wife neglects the children (women)

v744c

Beating justified if wife goes out without telling husband (women)

v744d

Beating justified if wife refuses to have sex with husband (women)

v744e

Beating justified if wife burns the food (women)

v005

Women's sample weight

 

Calculation

 

Numerators divided by the denominator multiplied by 100.

 

Handling of Missing Values

 

Missing values on who usually make specific decisions are assumed to be someone other than the respondent and are excluded from the numerators. Missing values on attitudes towards wife beating are assumed to not be agreeing and are included from the numerators and the denominator.

 

Notes and Considerations

 

See Notes and Considerations for Participation in Decision Making and Attitude towards Wife Beating.

 

Changes over Time

 

See Changes over Time for Participation in Decision Making and Attitude towards Wife Beating.

 

References

 

Kishor, S., and L. Subaiya. 2008. Understanding Women’s Empowerment: A Comparative Analysis of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) Data. DHS Comparative Reports No. 20. Calverton, Maryland, USA: Macro International Inc. https://dhsprogram.com/publications/publication-cr20-comparative-reports.cfm

 

Resources

 

DHS-7 Tabulation plan: Table 15.13

 

API Indicator IDs: WE_EMPW_W_DMK, WE_WMPW_W_DWB

(API link, STATcompiler link)