DHS surveys collect data on nutrition indicators for both women and children.
Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices play an important role in determining the health and development of children. DHS surveys assess the breastfeeding status of infants, with special attention to exclusive breastfeeding, which is recommended for the first six months of life, along with the complementary feeding of children 6-23 months with three key IYCF practices according to WHO guidelines:
Nutritional status is a reflection of health as well as the level of a society's development, and malnutrition is one of the most critical health and development problems facing women and children in developing regions of the world. DHS collects height and weight measurements, allowing for an analysis of nutritional status (stunting, wasting and underweight) for children as well as underweight and overweight for women.
Micronutrient deficiencies are a major contributor to morbidity and mortality among women and children. DHS collects data on micronutrient deficiencies (vitamin A and anemia) and supplementation, and fortification of salt (iodized salt).
Anemia testing and other biomarkers for nutrition-related indicators are carried out in some surveys.