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REDUCING FERTILITY IN INDIA.
Authors: Amonker, Ravindra G.; Brinker, Gary
Source: International Journal of Sociology of the Family, Autumn2007, Vol. 33 Issue 2, p326-348, 23p
Topic(s): Fertility
Country: Asia
  India
Published: 2007
Abstract: Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting fertility in India as informed by the "Demographic Transition Theory." This theory suggests that improved standard of living, public health programs, educational development, technology and medical advances promote a decline in the level of fertility. Using the data from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS), India: 1998-1999, this study tests the following major hypothesis: The higher the level of socioeconomic development, the lower the fertility rate among the states of India. The findings support the demographic transition theory in large measure, revealing that the overall socioeconomic development (modernization, health, education, and family planning) is inversely related to fertility rates (crude birth rate and total fertility rate) among the states of India. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]