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Does Education Affect HIV Status? Evidence from five African Countries.
Authors: de Walque, D.
Source: World Bank Economic Review, 23(2): 209-233
Topic(s): Education
HIV/AIDS
Country: Africa
   Multiple African Countries
Published: 2009
Abstract: Data from the first five Demographic and Health Surveys to include HIV testing for a representative sample of the adult population are used to analyze the socioeconomic correlates of HIV infection and associated sexual behavior. Emerging from a wealth of country relevant results, some important findings can be generalized. First, successive marriages are a significant risk factor. Second, contrary to prima facie evidence, education is not positively associated with HIV status. However, schooling is one of the mos t consistent predictors of behavior and knowledge: education level predicts protective behaviors such as condom use, use of counseling and testing, discussion of AIDS between spouses, and knowledge about HIV/AIDS, but it also predicts a higher level of infidelity and a lower level of abstinence.