The 2007 Uganda Child Verbal Autopsy Study (UCVAS) was the first of its kind to be carried out in Uganda. The primary objective of this survey was to gather data and information about the causes of death among children under age five in Uganda, and more specifically, to shed light on the proportion of deaths that are related to malaria. Since the vast majority of children in Uganda do not die in health facilities, information on causes of death estabished by health professionals is generally not available. Death certificates are almost nonexistent and those that are available are not representative of the entire population. It was therefore deemed necessary to conduct the UCVAS study to meet this objective.