Hong, Rathavuth, Vinod Mishra, and Pav. Govindasamy. 2008. Factors Associated with Prevalent HIV Infections Among Ethiopian Adults: Further Analysis of the 2005 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey. DHS Further Analysis Reports No. 57. Calverton, Maryland, USA: Macro International
The objective of this study is to examine the associations of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, knowledge and attitudes, and risk and protective factors with HIV infection among adult men and women in Ethiopia. The study used data from the 2005 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey. The analysis included 4,358 women and 3,037 men aged 15 to 49 years, who ever had sexual experience, completed the interview, and had a valid HIV test result. HIV serostatus data for men and women, and for lower HIV prevalence (<3 percent) and higher HIV prevalence (>3 percent)
regions, were analyzed using descriptive and multivariate statistical methods to determine factors associated with being HIV-positive.