Negera, Assefa, Gebeyehu Abelti, Terefe Bogale, Tesfayi Gebreselassie, and Roger Pearson. 2013. An Analysis of the Trends, Differentials and Key Proximate Determinants of Infant and Under-Five Mortality in Ethiopia: Further Analysis of the 2000, 2005, and 2011 Demographic and Health Surveys. DHS Further Analysis Reports No. 79. Calverton, Maryland, USA: ICF International.
This research has the overall objectives of describing the level, trends and differentials of infant and under-five mortality rates in Ethiopia by major background demographic and socio-economic characteristics based on data from the 2000, 2005 and 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys and identifying the major determinants of infant and under-five mortality. A synthetic cohort life table is used to examine levels and trends of childhood mortality and a Cox Regression is applied to assess the associations of child, mother and household characteristics with infant and under-five mortality.
The results from the level and trend analysis indicated that all the five childhood mortality indicators (neonatal, postnatal, infant, child and under-five mortality) have been steadily declining over the last decade in Ethiopia. For instance, the infant mortality rate has declined from 97 deaths per 1000 live births in 2000 to 77 deaths per 1000 live births in 2005, to 59 deaths per 1000 live births in 2011. This is equivalent to 39 per cent reduction from 2000 to 2011. Similarly, under-five mortality has shown a continuous reduction over time; from 166 deaths per 1000 in 2000 to 123 deaths per 1000 in 2005, and to 88 deaths per 1000 in 2011. This is equivalent to a 47 per cent reduction in the level of under-five mortality from the year 2000. However, the contribution of neonatal mortality to infant mortality, both by region and at national level has increased over time.