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The analysis shows that unmet need for family planning has decreased over time as contraceptive use has risen. From 2000 to 2011, the unmet need for family planning declined by 10.3 absolute percentage points, from 36.6 percent in 2000 to 26.3 percent in 2011. The results show that there was 38 percent decline in unmet need for limiting and a 21 percent decline in unmet need for spacing. The prevalence of contraceptive use increased substantially from 8 percent in 2000 to nearly 30 percent in 2011. Demand satisfied increased around three-fold from 18 percent from 2000 to 52 percent in 2011. The multivariate analysis indicates that women in rural areas show high levels of unmet need compared with women in urban areas. Among currently married women, DHS survey year, number of living children, women’s current age, age at first marriage, education level, religious affiliation, media exposure to family planning messages, wealth index and residence were significant predictors of unmet need both to limit and space birth.
The unmet need for family planning has decreased significantly in Ethiopia over the last decade. Socio-demographic factors such as education level, partner education, religion, household wealth, DHS survey year, number of living children in residence and media exposure were independent predictors of unmet need for family planning.