Hong, Rathavuth and Dararith Hor. 2013. Factors Associated With The Decline of Under-Five Mortality in Cambodia, 200-2010: Further Analysis of the Cambodia Demographic and Health Surveys. DHS Further Analysis Reports No. 84. Calverton, Maryland, USA: ICF International.
This further analysis of data from the Cambodia Demographic and Health Surveys (CHDS) conducted in 2000, 2005, and 2010 examines the determinants of under-five mortality. Although the level of under-five mortality in Cambodia has declined, it remains among the highest in the Asian region. The study analyzes the relationship between under-five mortality and several socio-demographic characteristics of children, mothers, and households, as well as health and health care indicators. The results show a substantial decline in under-five mortality in Cambodia during the ten years from 2000 to 2010. This decline is likely the result of improvements in health status and health care, particularly in maternal and child health services.
The analysis shows that 84 percent of the overall decline in under-five mortality between 2000-2010 can be attributed to multiple births, birth order, birth interval, age of the mother at mother’s use of contraception, antenatal care, tetanus toxoid injection, and geographic region. Between 2005 and 2010 this group of determinants together was responsible for 67 percent of the overall decline in under-five mortality. Overall, the study demonstrates that maternal and child health programs as well as reproductive health and family planning programs have had a positive impact on child survival in Cambodia in the past decade.