Topics
The DHS surveys cover a wide range of research topics, including fertility, family planning, maternal and child health, nutrition, and HIV in addition to emerging health issues and changing trends in gender and youth.
HIV Corner Banner
  •  HIV prevalence by demographic and behavioral characteristics
  •  Knowledge of HIV/AIDS
  •  Stigma
  •  Prior HIV testing
  •  Condom use
  •  Higher-risk sexual behavior

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HIV FACTS: In Uganda, HIV prevalence is much higher in urban areas than in rural areas: 10.1% versus 5.7%. (2006 Uganda HSBS)

malaria corner box
  •  Availability and use of insecticide-treated nets in households
  •  Use of antimalarial drugs and intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) by pregnant women
  •  Frequency and treatment of children with fever
  •  Malaria and anemia prevalence (select countries)

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MALARIA FACTS: 14% of pregnant women age 15-49 in Angola have malaria and 3% have anemia (hemoglobin less than 8 g/dL). (Angola MIS 2006-07)

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  •  Women's status and empowerment
  •  Women's and men's education and employment data
  •  Women and men's experiences with domestic violence
  •  Female genital cutting (FGC)

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GENDER FACTS: In part because of women's low age at marriage in Uganda, 71% of women are sexually active by age 18 versus 49% of men, putting women at greater risk for STIs and HIV. (UDHS 2006-gender report)

Youth Corner Banner

Highlighted data for youth age 15-24 on:

  •  Reproductive health
  •  Education
  •  Sexual activity
  •  HIV knowledge, attitudes, and behavior
  •  HIV prevalence

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YOUTH FACTS: 43% of Haitian men age 15-34 years had sex before age 15, compared with 15% of women. (Haiti DHS 2005-06)

Photo credit: ICF International
Topics box photo credit: ICF International
HIV Corner box photo credit: © 2006 Felix Masi/Voiceless Children, Courtesy of Photoshare. An HIV-positive person stands near an audience of children at the HIV/AIDS candle memorial in Kibera, Africa's largest slum in Nairobi, Kenya. The ceremony, organized by the African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF), was part of the International AIDS Candlelight Memorial Campaign.
Malaria Corner box photo credit: © 2009 Paul Jeffrey, Courtesy of Photoshare. A girl awakens in her bed covered with an anti-malarial mosquito net in Dundube Kadambo, Malawi. The widespread use of bednets is one of several effective measures to cut down on the transmission of malaria.
Gender Corner box photo credit: © 2007 Arup Haldar, Courtesy of Photoshare. Siblings collect sunflowers from the field adjoining their home in West Bengal, India.