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Women’s Empowerment in the Context of Millennium Development Goal 3: A Case Study of Married Women in Ghana
Authors: Godfred Odei Boateng, Vincent Zubedaar Kuuire, Mengieng Ung, Jonathan Anim Amoyaw, Frederick Ato Armah, and Isaac Luginaah
Source: Social Indicators Research, 115(1): 137-158; DOI: 10.1007/s11205-012-0212-8
Topic(s): Education
Household decision-making
Women's autonomy
Women's health
Women’s empowerment
Country: Africa
Published: JAN 2014
Abstract: This paper assesses women’s empowerment in Ghana in the light of the Millennium Development Goal 3. Data for the study were drawn from the 2008 Ghana Demographic Health Survey with an analytic sample of 1,876 married women aged 15–49. Using binary logistic regression in determining the factors that influence women empowerment, this paper examines the relationship between wealth and women’s involvement in household decision-making in the context of healthcare, large household purchases, daily house hold purchases and mobility. The findings show that wealthier married women were significantly more likely to be involved in decision-making on their own healthcare (OR = 2.14, p = 0.001). Also, age, tertiary education and employment significantly shaped the involvement of married women in household decision-making in Ghana. Surprisingly, married women in the Upper East region (the second poorest) were significantly more likely to be involved in three measures of decision-making except for decisions on large household purchases relative to those in the Greater Accra region (the capital). Policies oriented towards an increase in accessibility to tertiary education, employment equity and the creation of income generating activities for women would enhance women’s empowerment in Ghana.