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Household air pollution and under-five mortality in India (1992-2006)
Authors: Sabrina Naz, Andrew Page, and Kingsley Emwinyore Agho
Source: Environmental Health , 15(54): 1-11; DOI: 10.1186/s12940-016-0138-8
Topic(s): Childhood mortality
Children under five
Country: Asia
Published: APR 2016
Abstract: Background: Household air pollution (HAP) - predominantly from cooking fuel is a major public health hazard and one of the leading causes of respiratory illness and deaths among children under-five years in India. This study investigates the association between HAP from cooking fuel and under-five mortality using India's National Family and Health Survey (NFHS) datasets over the period 1992-2006 (total of 166,382 children), and the extent to which the association differed by environmental and behavioral factors affecting level of exposure. Methods: The association between HAP and under-five mortality of three age-groups (neonatal age between 0-28 days, post-neonatal age between 1-11 months and children aged between 12-59 months) was examined using multi-level logistic regression models. Results: HAP was associated with mortality among children aged under-five (OR?=?1.30, 95%CI?=?1.18-1.43, P?