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Wealth, Social Protection Programs, and Child Labor in Colombia: A Cross-sectional Study
Authors: Ángela María Pinzón-Rondón, Liseth B. Cifuentes, Catalina Zuluaga, Juan Carlos Botero, and Mariana Pinzon-Caicedo
Source: International Journal of Health Services, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0020731417747421
Topic(s): Child labor
Employment
Youth
Country: Latin American/Caribbean
  Colombia
Published: JAN 2018
Abstract: This article has 3 main objectives: (1) to assess the prevalence of child labor in Colombia, (2) to identify factors associated with child labor, and (3) to determine whether social protection programs have an association with the prevalence of child labor in the country. Using a cross-sectional study with data from the Colombian Demographic and Health Survey 2010, a working child was defined as a child who worked during the week prior to the survey in an activity other than household chores. Through descriptive statistics, bivariate analysis, and multivariate regressions, it was found that child labor was associated with gender (boys were more likely to work), older age, ethnicity (children from indigenous communities were more likely to be workers), school dropout, disability (children with disabilities were less likely to be working), subsidized health social security system membership, and lower number of years of mother’s schooling. Furthermore, the results of this study suggest that children beneficiaries of the subsidy Familias en Acción were less likely to be working and that social protection programs were more effective to reduce child labor when targeting the lowest wealth quintiles of the Colombian population. Keywords child labor, employment, child, adolescent, Colombia, government, social protection