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Multilevel Analysis of the Effects of Individualand Community-Level Factors on Childhood Anemia, Severe Anemia, and Hemoglobin Concentration in Malawi
Authors: Peter Austin Morton Ntenda, Kun-Yang Chuang, Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, and Ying-Chih Chuang
Source: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmx059
Topic(s): Anemia
Child health
Country: Africa
Published: JUL 2017
Abstract: Background: The purpose of this article was to examine individual- and community-level factors associated with childhood anemia, severe anemia, and hemoglobin (Hb) concentration in Malawi. Methods: Using data from the 2010 Malawi demographic and health survey (MDHS), the multilevel regression models were constructed to analyze 2597 children aged 6-59?months living in 849 communities. Results: The results showed that both childhood anemia and severe anemia were negatively associated with child's age, no fever in the previous 2?weeks and height-for-age, and positively associated with residing in poor household. Childhood anemia was negatively associated with community female education. Child's age, no fever in the previous 2?weeks and maternal Hb levels were positively associated with child Hb concentration, while residing in poorest households was negatively associated with children's Hb concentration. Conclusion: Comprehensive public health strategies aimed at reducing childhood anemia need to focus more on the significant characteristics addressed in this study. © The Author [2017]. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: KEYWORDS: Malawi; childhood anemia; multilevel study