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Exploring the determinants of open defecation in Nigeria using demographic and health survey data
Authors: Abubakar IR
Source: Science of The Total Environment, 637-638:1455-1465; DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.104
Topic(s): Environmental health
Country: Africa
Published: OCT 2018
Abstract: There is increasing global attention to the threats of open defecation (OD) to human health and dignity, and the environment. With at least a quarter of Nigerians (25.1%) or 46 million people practicing OD in 2015, Nigeria ranks third in the world in OD prevalence after India and China. This study explores the socio-economic, demographic and geographic factors that influence and determine the practice of OD among Nigerian households. Data was obtained from 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results indicate that about 32% of Nigerian households, 8% in urban areas and 24% in rural areas, practiced OD in 2013. The practice is significantly influenced (p?