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Women’s empowerment and use of contraception in India: Macro and micro perspectives emerging from NFHS-4 (2015–16)
Authors: S.K. Singh, Bhawana Sharma, Deepanjali Vishwakarma, Gudakesh Yadav, Swati Srivastava, and Barsharani Maharana
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare, 19: 15-23; DOI: 10.1016/j.srhc.2018.11.003
Topic(s): Contraception
Family planning
Household decision-making
Unmet need
Women’s empowerment
Country: Asia
Published: MAR 2019
Abstract: Background and objective Based on the four-corner stone of population and development programmes recognized by ICPD (1994) this paper envisages the relationship between the recent waves of women's empowerment anduse of contraceptive methods in India. Data and methods Findings are based on two rounds of NFHS (3 & 4). Liberson’s Diversity Index has been used to assess the inequality in women’s empowerment. Multiple regression analysis is used to portray the relationship and logistic regression is used to access the adjusted effects of various dimensions of women's empowerment on use of contraception. Results Varying degrees of equity in women’s empowerment across different states of India builds a combative relationship with uptake of contraceptive methods. Results portray a positive association between inequality in household decision making, engaged in paid work in last 12 months and having 10 years of schooling with use of any modern method. Women who participated in household decision making (OR?=?1.17 p?