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Measuring Son Preference Through Number of Children Born
Authors: Arvind K. Shukla, R. C. Yadava, and A. K. Tiwari
Source: Demography India, 47(2): 67-82
Topic(s): Fertility preferences
Son preference
Country: Asia
Published: JAN 2018
Abstract: The term ‘son preference’ refers to the attitude that sons are more important and valuable than daughters. The strong preference for sons is observed in India, particularly in northern parts of the country. The research also shows that the son preference has a sizable positive effect on fertility and contraceptive practice in Indian Context. In the present paper an attempt has been made to study the extent of son preference by analyzing the data on actual birth performance of females (couples). Authors have analysed the data of National Family Health Survey for different major states of India to study the spatial variation in son preference in the country as a whole as well as studying the pattern for different groups of the society classified according to education, type of residential area, caste and standard of living index.