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Understanding the Burden of Anaemia among Children in North-eastern States, India: Evidence from National Family Health Survey
Authors: Swati Kadian, Amandeep Kaur, and Kh. Jitenkumar Singh
Source: Demography India, Special Issue(2017): 138-142
Topic(s): Anemia
Child health
Country: Asia
Published: APR 2017
Abstract: The likely cause of childhood anaemia varies depending on the area of the world that the child lives in. Pregnant women and children are particularly vulnerable for anaemia. The 2011 estimates suggest anaemia affects around 800 million children and women (WHO). Childhood anaemia poses a major public health issue leading to an increased risk of child mortality, as well as the negative consequences of iron-deficiency anaemia on cognitive and physical development. The study is conducted to identify the areas where the nutritional level is poor leading to anaemia among children in North eastern states, India. The data from the fact sheet of NFHS-2, NFHS-3 and NFHS-4 is used. In the study, we have applied Spatial analysis to attain the significant determinants of anaemia among children and visualize the spatial patterns of anaemia among children across the Northeast states. This analysis provides a quantitative assessment of anaemia across the states and helps in identifying areas with statistically significant clustering of high values (hot spots) and low values (cold spots), as well as spatial outliers for anaemia. Bivariate and multivariate statistical tools are used for analysis. This analysis provides a statistical intra-assessment of relatively high and low performing areas with respect to geographical proximal areas. Result: In the analysis, the maximum anaemic children were observed in North and South districts of Sikkim and Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh depicting the worse nutritional level whereas the good nutritional level is observed in Mamit, Aizawl and Champhai districts of Mizoram; Phek, Mon, Kiphire, Dimapur, Tuensang and Paren districts of Nagaland and Churachandpur district of Manipur.