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Association between violence during pregnancy and preterm birth and low birth weight in Colombia: analysis of the demographic and health survey
Authors: Jaraba SMR, and Garcés-Palacio IC
Source: Health Care for Women International, Online first; DOI: 10.1080/07399332.2019.1566331
Topic(s): Birth weight
Domestic violence
Country: Latin American/Caribbean
Published: MAR 2019
Abstract: To explore the association between low birth weight and preterm birth with violence during pregnancy, we conducted a cross-sectional study by using the 2010 Colombian Demographic and Health Survey. We conducted bivariate analyses, binomial logistic regression, and stratified models by age, and 14,520 women were included. There was no association between violence and low birth weight. Nonetheless, an association with preterm birth in women aged over 35 was observed (OR 1.98, 95%CI 1.23, 3.17). Prenatal care appeared to be a protective factor for both outcomes. This research unexpectedly showed that supplementation with folic acid and iron was associated with preterm birth.