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Frequency of television viewing and association with overweight and obesity among women of the reproductive age group in Myanmar: results from a nationwide cross-sectional survey
Authors: Rajat Das Gupta, Ibrahim Hossain Sajal, Mehedi Hasan, Ipsita Sutradhar, Mohammad Rifat Haider, and Malabika Sarker
Source: BMJ Open, 9: e024680; DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024680
Topic(s): Mass media
Women's health
Country: Asia
Published: MAR 2019
Abstract: Objectives This study aimed to discern the association between the frequency of television viewing and overweight and obesity among reproductive age women of Myanmar. Design This was a cross-sectional study. Setting This study used Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey (2015–2016) data. Participants Total of 12?021 women both aged 15–49 years and also not pregnant or did not deliver a child within the 2?months prior to the survey were included. Primary and secondary outcome measures The primary outcome was overweight (23.0 kg/m2 to <27.5?kg/m2) and obesity (=27.5?kg/m2), which was measured using the Asian body mass index cut-off. Ordered logistic regression analysis was conducted to find the association between the explanatory and outcome variables. The potential confounders controlled in the multivariable analyses were age, place of residence, region of residence, highest educational status, current employment status, wealth index, parity and number of household members. Results The prevalence of overweight was 26.5% and obesity was 12.2% among the study participants. The odds of being overweight and obese were 20% higher (adjusted OR (AOR) 1.16, 95%?CI 1.02 to 1.32; p=0.023) among those who watched television at least once a week compared with those who did not watch television at all. Rural women who watched television at least once a week were 1.2 times more likely to be obese (AOR 1.16, 95%?CI 1.01 to 1.34; p=0.040) compared with those who did not watch television at all. Conclusions Frequent television watching was associated with obesity among rural women of reproductive age in Myanmar.