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Determinants of Fertility in Bangladesh: Evidence from the 2014 Demographic and Health Survey
Authors: Mosammat Z. Nahar, and Mohammad S. Zahangir
Source: International Quarterly of Community Health Education, Online first; DOI: 10.1177/0272684X19857426
Topic(s): Fertility
Country: Asia
Published: JUN 2019
Abstract: This study uses the cumulative fertility approach to examine a wide variety of factors affecting fertility among all ever-married women of childbearing ages in Bangladesh. Data are taken from the 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. The mean number of children ever born for all women is 2.45 and for women aged 40 to 49 years is 3.89. The one-way analysis of variance is performed to observe differences in the mean number of children ever born across the levels of covariates. The generalized linear model with Poisson link function is carried out to examine the effect of covariates on fertility. The incidence rate ratio is greater than one, that is, fertility is higher among women who are Muslims, illiterates, or primary school graduates; have no access to mass media; give the first birth at the age of 15 years or earlier; ever use any contraceptive; and desired three or more babies as the ideal number of children. Type of place of residence, administrative divisions, husband’s education, respondent’s working status, husband’s occupation, age at first marriage, and the spousal age difference are also significant to some extent, especially for assessing the fertility of all women. Keywords fertility, mean number of children ever born, generalized linear model, Poisson regression analysis, incidence rate ratio