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Determinants of Childhood Anemia in India
Authors: Nkechi G. Onyeneho, Benjamin C. Ozumba, and S. V. Subramanian
Source: Scientific Reports, 9(16540); DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-52793-3
Topic(s): Anemia
Child health
Country: Asia
Published: NOV 2019
Abstract: We analyzed a sample of 112714 children from the 2015–2016 Indian National Fertility and Health Survey with available data on hemoglobin. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to establish associations between parent anemia, household characteristics and nutritional intake of children. Linear regression analysis was also conducted to see the link between the household characteristic and childhood nutritional intake on one hand and hemoglobin levels on the other hand. A number of socio-demographic factors, namely maternal age, type of residence and maternal education, as well as wealth index, among others correlate with incidence of childhood anemia. For instance, whereas 52.9% of children in the richest households were anemic, 63.2% of children in the poorest household were anemic (p?