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Indirect Method of Estimation of Total Fertility Rate and Study about Births Averted due to Family Planning Practices in India: A Regression Approach
Authors: P.K. Rai, Sarla Pareek, Hemlata Joshi, and Shiwani Tiwari
Source: Journal of Data Science , 4: 647-676; DOI: 10.6339/JDS.201810_16(4).00001
Topic(s): Family planning
Country: Asia
Published: OCT 2018
Abstract: Though, fertility is a biological phenomenon but it depends heavily on socioeconomic, demographic and cultural factors; therefore, this article describes a regression technique to estimate the TFR under dierent proposed model assumptionsand the effects of socioeconomic and demographic factors on TFR as well. The developed methodology also leads to estimate the number of births averted due to the use of family planning methods and percent of increase in births in the absence of birth control devices for 29 states of India using three different methods of births aversion through the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-III) data. The finding shows that there is a variation in number of births averted and percent of increase in births in the absence of family planning methods at the state level in India. The effective use of contraception and maximum number of births avoided due to use of family planning is in Maharashtra and Uttar pradesh. Highest percent of increase in births in the absence of contraception is in Himachal Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. Keywords:Total fertility rate, General fertility rate, Bongaart's model, Ordinary least square, Multicollinearity, Ridge regression, Births averted, Family planning methods, NFHS.