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Associations of malaria, HIV, and coinfection, with anemia in pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa: a population-based cross-sectional study
Authors: Paddy Ssentongo, Djibril M. Ba, Anna E. Ssentongo, Jessica E. Ericson, Ming Wang, Duanping Liao, and Vernon M. Chinchilli
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth , 20(Article number: 379); DOI: 10.1186/s12884-020-03064-x
Topic(s): Anemia
Maternal mortality
Country: Africa
  Multiple African Countries
Published: JUN 2020
Abstract: Background Malaria and HIV are common infections in Africa and cause substantial morbidity and mortality in pregnant women. We aimed to assess the association of malaria with anemia in pregnant women and to explore the joint effects of malaria and HIV infection on anemia in pregnant women. Methods We used nationally representative, cross-sectional demographic and health surveys (DHS) that were conducted between 2012 and 2017 across 7 countries of sub-Saharan Africa (Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gambia, Ghana, Mali, Senegal and Togo). The outcome variables were anemia (defined as a hemoglobin concentration?