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Intimate Partner Violence and Sexually Transmitted Infections among Women in Sub-Saharan Africa
Authors: Heather F. McClintock, and Samantha L. Dulak
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health , Published online; DOI: 10.1007/s10903-020-01064-9
Topic(s): Domestic violence
Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
Country: Africa
  Multiple African Countries
Published: AUG 2020
Abstract: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health issue that increases risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Data was obtained from women (n = 32,409) who completed the Demographic Health Survey's (DHS) domestic violence module in 7 countries in sub-Saharan Africa between 2011 and 2015. DHS questions assessed lifetime physical, emotional and sexual IPV, cumulative exposure to IPV as well as the presence of a STI in the past 12 months. Multivariate logistic regression examined the association between IPV and STIs adjusting for potentially influential covariates. Data were weighted and analyzed using STATA Software (version 14.0). Women who had experienced physical, emotional sexual and cumulative IPV were significantly more likely to have had a STIs in the past 12 months. In order to reduce the burden of STIs, initiatives may need to address underlying mechanisms such as gender norms and power inequalities which perpetuate IPV. Keywords: Domestic violence; Intimate partner violence; Sexually transmitted infections; Sub-Saharan Africa.