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A cross-sectional study on selected child health outcomes in India: Quantifying the spatial variations and identification of the parental risk factors
Authors: Parul Puri, Junaid Khan, Apurba Shil, and Mohammad Ali
Source: Scientific Reports, 10(1): 1-15; DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-63210-5
Topic(s): Anemia
Child health
Country: Asia
Published: APR 2020
Abstract: This study examined association between selected child health indicators- anaemia, stunting and no/incomplete immunization by inter-linking maternal characteristics at district level and parental characteristics at individual level. A spatial analysis and a binary logit model estimation were employed to draw inferences using the data from the fourth round of National Family Health Survey, 2015–16 of India. Significant spatial clustering of the selected child health outcomes was observed in the country. Mother’s educational attainment explained significant district level differential in the selected child health outcomes. At the individual level, parents who are very young, not-educated, socially excluded, belong to poor class were found to be significantly associated with the poor child health outcomes. This study indicates that parental characteristics, such as age, educational attainment and employment substantially determine child health in India, suggesting that an intervention by targeting the households where children are vulnerable is important to improve child health in the country.