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Unmet Need of Contraception in India’s Demographically Backward EAG States
Authors: S.C. Gulati, and Ayusmati Das
Source: Demography India, 48(2): 1-17
Topic(s): Contraception
Unmet need
Women’s empowerment
Country: Asia
Published: JUL 2019
Abstract: Abstract: Unmet need for contraception is substantially high in the 8 empowered action group (EAG) states of India viz. Bihar, Uttar-Pradesh, Madhya-Pradesh, Rajasthan, Orissa, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand and Chattisgarh; comprising of 45.9% of India’s population as of 2011 census. Data on battery of socioeconomic, demographic and program factors affecting demand for contraception have been drawn from the fourth National Family Health Survey, 2015-16. The primary data pertain to 19,248 currently married and fecund women aged 15-49 years in the EAG states. The Multinomial Logit Regression analysis has elicited relative significance and directions of effects of the selected socioeconomic and demographic variables on the four components of demand for contraception Multiple classification analysis suggests that strengthening of IEC component on family planning need to be prioritized, misapprehensions on side effects and health risks of contraception, alleviation of son-preference in the Indian society, improvement in girls school enrolment and women’s education, women’s gainful employment, mandatory implementation of legal age at marriage, reduction in infant and child mortality, involvement of village level health functionaries. Keywords: Unmet Need, Contraception, Spacing Births, Limiting Births, Women’s Empowerment.