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Risk of low birth weight and exposure to type of cooking fuel in India
Authors: Ratna Patel and Shekhar Chauhan
Source: International Journal of Pregnancy and Child Birth, Volume 6, Issue 1; DOI: 10.15406/ipcb.2020.06.00186
Topic(s): Birth weight
Household solid fuel use
Country: Asia
Published: JAN 2020
Abstract: Introduction: Recently, there has been an increasing interest in the health effects of exposure to biomass smoke. Despite significant improvements in child health measures, low birth weight is still a pragmatic issue. We aimed to examine the association between household use of unhygienic fuels for cooking and birth weight. Data and methods: Using national Family Health Survey-IV, this study aimed at quantifying the determinants of low birth weight in India. Cross-tabulation and logistic regression have been used to carry out this study. Results: The result found that the availability of separate kitchen and use of hygienic fuel decreases the odds of low birth weight. The result further found that various background characteristics like mother’s age, education, anaemic status, ANC visits, and BMI also have an impact on low birth weight. Conclusion: After launching Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana to provide the LPG connection to poor families, the government shall now focus on promoting the use of these cylinders.