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Prevalence and correlates of menstrual hygiene practices among young currently married women aged 15–24 years: an analysis from a nationally representative survey of India
Authors: Avijit Roy, Pintu Paul, Jay Saha, Bikash Barman, Nanigopal Kapasia, and Pradip Chouhan
Source: European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care, Volume 26, 2021 - Issue 1; DOI:
Topic(s): Hygiene
Reproductive health
Women's health
Country: Asia
Published: SEP 2020
Abstract: Purpose: This paper aims to investigate the prevalence by geographical locations and socio-demographic correlates of menstrual hygienic practices among young currently married Indian women. Methods: The study is based on secondary data, collected from the latest round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4), conducted in 2015–16. A total of 94,034 young currently married women aged 15–24 years were utilised in this study. The prevalence of menstrual hygienic practices was portrayed across regions, states, and districts of India. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were carried out to assess the factors associated with menstrual hygienic practices. Results: Nearly half of the women (49.3%) practice hygienic methods to contain menstrual bloodstains. The prevalence of menstrual hygiene practices is lower in low-income states of central and eastern India. Multivariate analyses reveal that education of women and wealth status are found to be the most important positive factors of menstrual hygienic practices. Women’s autonomy and exposure to mass media also have a positive impact on the use of menstrual hygiene practice. In contrast, women residing in rural areas, belonging in scheduled tribes and unemployed women are less likely to use hygienic methods during their menstruation. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest increasing opportunities for female education, providing economic incentives, enhancing women's autonomy could help to increase hygienic practices of women during menstruation period. Furthermore, interventions should target socio-economically disadvantaged women to raise the use of sanitary napkins.