Back to browse results
Mind the gap: what explains the rural-nonrural inequality in diarrhoea among under-five children in low and medium-income countries? A decomposition analysis
Authors: A. F. Fagbamigbe, F. F. Oyinlola, O. M. Morakinyo, A. S. Adebowale, O. S. Fagbamigbe, and A. O. Uthman
Source: BMC Public Health, Volume 21; DOI:
Topic(s): Children under five
Rural-urban differentials
Country: Africa
  Multiple African Countries
  Congo Democratic Republic
  South Africa
  Cote D'Ivoire
  Burkina Faso
  Sierra Leone
  Kyrgyz Republic
  Multiple Asian Countries
Latin American/Caribbean
  Multiple L.A./Caribbean Countries
  Dominican Republic
More than one region
  Multiple Regions
  Papua New Guinea
Eastern Europe
Published: MAR 2021
Abstract: Diarrhoea poses serious health problems among under-five children (U5C) in Low-and Medium-Income Countries (LMIC) with a higher prevalence in rural areas. A gap exists in knowledge on factors driving rural-non-rural inequalities in diarrhoea development among U5C in LMIC. This study investigates the magnitude of rural-non-rural inequalities in diarrhoea and the roles of individual-level and neighbourhood-level factors in explaining these inequalities. Data of 796,150 U5C, from 63,378 neighbourhoods across 57 LMIC from the most recent Demographic and Health Survey (2010–2018) was analysed. The outcome variable was the recent experience of diarrhoea while independent variables consist of the individual- and neighbourhood-level factors. Data were analysed using multivariable Fairlie decomposition at p