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Identifying Factors Associated with Barriers in the Number of Antenatal Care Service Visits among Pregnant Women in Rural Parts of Ethiopia
Authors: Sali Suleman Hassen, Belete Mulatu Teshale, and Lema Abate Adulo
Source: The Scientific World Journal, Volume 2021, article ID 7146452; DOI:
Topic(s): Antenatal care
Health care utilization
Health equity
Country: Africa
Published: OCT 2021
Abstract: Background. Antenatal care visit is the service given to pregnant women to have a safe pregnancy and a healthy baby. The main objective of this study was to identify potential factors for the barriers in the number of antenatal care visits. Methods. Data for this study was taken from the 2016 Ethiopian demographic health survey. All childbearing women from rural parts of Ethiopia were considered in this study, and the count regression model was used to explore the major risk factors for the barriers in the number of antenatal care service visits. Results. Nearly 42% of pregnant mothers did not visit antenatal care services, and only 1% of the mothers attended antenatal care service visits eight times and above. From hurdle Poisson regression model results, women having previous pregnancy complication (AOR?=?1.16; ); husbands with primary education (AOR?=?1.02; ), secondary education (AOR?=?1.117; ), and higher education (AOR?=?1.191; ); middle wealth index (AOR?=?1.08; ); richer wealth index (AOR?=?1.10; ); maternal age 35–49 (AOR?=?0.690; ); being exposed to media access (AOR?=?1.745; ); having distance problem (AOR?=?0.75; ); planned pregnancy (AOR?=?1.42; ); and mothers with primary education (AOR?=?1.85; ) and secondary (AOR?=?2.387; ) were statistically associated with barriers in the number of ANC service visits. Conclusion. As indicated in the findings, there is underutilization of the antenatal care service visits regarding rural women in Ethiopia. Having a low education level, no media access, distance problem from the health facility, and not planned pregnancy decrease the rate of antenatal care service visits. To fill this discrepancy, the concerned bodies including government and nongovernmental organizations should work on the identified factors in the rural parts of the country to save children and mothers.