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Determinants of Gender Disparity in Nutritional Intake among Children in Pakistan: Evidence from PDHS
Authors: Awaisra Shafiq, Abid Hussain, Muhammad Asif, Arif Jameel, Saiqa Sadiq, Shahida Kanwel
Source: Children (Basel), DOI: 10.3390/children9010007
Topic(s): Child feeding
Child health
Wealth Index
Country: Asia
Published: DEC 2021
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to analyze early age malnutrition on a gender basis in Pakistan. Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS) 2012-2013 data related to households' characteristics that affect the nutrition of children less than 5 years of age are used for the estimation of results. Gender disparity (measured by girl malnourished in household/boy malnourished in a household) is constructed for the measurement of gender disparity in early age child nutrition. After synthesizing the PDHS data set, 2119 observations are used for regression results of gender disparity. Regression results are analyzed at the level of 5% confidence interval otherwise insignificant. egression results for gender disparity show that households in good socioeconomic status, a greater number of household members, a mother's higher level of education, mother employment, and the male head of the household, causes a decrease in gender disparity in nutrition intake of children.