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Demographic and social determinants of stalled fertility among women in Ghana: evidence from Ghana demographic and health surveys 1998–2014
Authors: Desmond Klu & Patrick Agyekum
Source: SN Social Sciences, 3
Topic(s): Fertility
Reproductive health
Country: Africa
Published: JUN 2023
Abstract: Ghana was one of the first countries to be identified as experiencing a stall in fertility transition. The purpose of this study is to examine contextual demographic, social and proximate determinants of stalling fertility among women in Ghana. The study used data from the four rounds of the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (1998–2014). The study found a stalled fertility level at 4 children per woman from 1998 to 2014. Women between the ages of 30–39 and 40–49 years, with primary education, dwelling in poor and middle-income households and women using contraception had a higher probability of experiencing stalls in their fertility levels. However, women with 1–4 children, with no formal education, currently and never married women, belonging to Christian, Islamic and traditional faith as well as sexually active and inactive women had a lower probability of experiencing stalling fertility. The determinants of stall in fertility transition can be attributed to demographic, social and proximate factors. These factors should be considered in achieving a continuous decline in fertility levels among women.