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Spatial distribution and multilevel analysis of the ideal number of children among Ethiopian women
Authors: Addisalem Mengist, Demeke Lakew Workie, Zelalem G. Dessie & Lijalem Melie Tesfaw
Source: BMC Women's Health, 23
Topic(s): Fertility
Fertility preferences
Spatial analysis
Women's health
Country: Africa
Published: JUL 2023
Abstract: Background: Ideal number of children (INC) is the number of children that a woman or man would have if they could go back to the time when they did not have any children and could choose accurately the number of children to have in their total life. Despite numerous studies on the prevalence and associated factors of the ideal number of children, there is a lack of studies that incorporated spatial and multilevel analysis. Thus, this study was aimed at the spatial and multilevel analysis of an ideal number of children and associated factors. Methods: The study design was a cross-sectional study in which the data was obtained from Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) in 2016. About 13,961 women ages 15–49 who fulfill the inclusion criterion were considered. A negative binomial regression model that incorporates spatial and multilevel analysis was employed. Results: About 33 and 12.8% of the women had four and six ideal numbers of children respectively. The highest INC per woman was recorded in Oromia region 5055 (36.1%) and the lowest in Harare 35(0.2%). The INC per woman is high in rural 10,726 (76.6%) areas as compared to urban areas 3277(23.4%). The ideal number of children was spatially clustered (Global Moran’s I?=?0.1439, p?