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Number of children ever-born and its associated factors among currently married Ethiopian women: evidence from the 2019 EMDHS using negative binomial regression
Authors: Mamo Nigatu Gebre
Source: BMC Women's Health, Volume 24; DOI:
Topic(s): Fertility
Women's autonomy
Country: Africa
Published: FEB 2024
Abstract: Background: Ethiopia’s population is growing at about 2.7% annually with a fertility rate of 4.1 births per woman. However, as per the knowledge of the researcher, not enough studies have been done in Ethiopia to identify factors associated with women’s fertility levels. Objective: To assess the number of children ever born and its associated factors among currently married reproductive-age Ethiopian women. Method: Data of 5613 currently married women were extracted from the 2019 Ethiopian Mini Demographic and Health Survey (EMDHS). Stata version 14 was used for data extraction, processing, and analysis. Descriptive data were summarized using descriptive statistics. A multivariable negative binomial regression was used for the inferential analysis. Incidence rate ratio (IRR) and its 95% CI were respectively used to measure the associations and their statistical significance. Result: The median number of children ever born per currently married Ethiopian woman was 3 with an iterquarter range of 4 (1–5) children. Age of a woman at her first birth (aIRR?=?0.958, 95% CI: 0.954, 0.961), being protestant (aIRR?=?1.128, 95%CI: 1.068, 1.193), being Muslim (aIRR?=?1.096, 95% CI: 1.043, 1.151), and being from other religious groups than Orthodox Christianity (aIRR?=?1.353, 95% CI: 1.036, 1.766) are positively associated with bearing more children. On the other hands, completing primary education (aIRR?=?0.664, 95% CI: 0.640,0.689), secondary education(aIRR?=?0.541, 95%CI: 0.504,0.582), higher education(aIRR?=?0.527, 95%CI: 0.479, 0.580), being from a richest household(aIRR?=?0.899, 95%CI: 0.840, 0.962), using modern contraceptive (aIRR?=?0.877, 95%CI: 0.847, 0.908), living in the Afar (aIRR?=?0.785, 95%CI: 0.718,0.859), Amhara (aIRR?=?0.890, 95%CI: 0.718,0.859), Gambella (aIRR?=?0.894, 95%CI: 0.820,0.974), and Addid Ababa(0.845, 95%CI: 0.760,0.939) are negatively associated with bearing more children. Conclusion: Promoting women’s empowerment, encouraging women’s academic advancement, and community-based educational intervention are recommended to have optimal and decreased numbers of children.